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Why You Should Read Surah Al-Kahf Every Friday

Why You Should Read Surah Al-Kahf Every Friday

Surah al kahf on Friday: Surah Al-Kahf is the 18th surah of the Quran. Composed of 110 verses and translated to “The Cave,” it is considered by many to be among the most important surahs in the entire Quran.

That is not to say that any surah in the Quran is unimportant or inconsequential. However, few can rival Al-Kahf’s contents regarding doctrine, spirituality, guidance, and even storytelling. 

Surah Al-Kahf is so rich in content that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ himself commanded his followers to read it every Friday.

To this day, Muslims are encouraged to read and recite Surah Al-Kahf every Friday. But what exactly do they have to gain from doing so? 

We’re going to be answering that question in this article, drawing on the Prophet Muhammad’s ﷺ personal commandments and the writings of respected Islamic scholars for evidence. 

We’ll also be discussing the contents and history of this surah to give you an in-depth understanding of this most wondrous chapter.

 

What Happens When You Read Surah Al Kahf on Friday?

When you read Surah Al-Kahf on Friday, several significant spiritual and theological benefits are believed to occur, based on Islamic teachings and traditions:

  1. Spiritual Light and Guidance: According to a hadith, the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever reads Surah Al-Kahf on the day of Jumu’ah (Friday) will have a light that will shine from him from one Friday to the next” (Al-Jaami). 

This “light” symbolizes spiritual guidance, illumination, and protection that stays with the believer throughout the week.

  1. Protection from Dajjal (Antichrist): Reciting Surah Al-Kahf, particularly its first ten verses or last ten verses, is believed to offer protection from the trials and tribulations associated with the Dajjal. 

The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever memorizes ten verses from the beginning of Surah Al-Kahf will be protected from the Dajjal” (Muslim).

  1. Strengthening of Faith: Surah Al-Kahf contains stories that reinforce faith, patience, and reliance on God. 

Reflecting on these stories every week strengthens one’s belief and trust in divine wisdom and power.

  1. Moral and Ethical Reflection: The surah’s narratives provide moral and ethical lessons. Regular recitation encourages believers to embody these virtues in their daily lives, promoting patience, humility, gratitude, and justice.
  2. Reminder of the Hereafter: The surah serves as a reminder of the transient nature of this world and the permanence of the Hereafter. 

It emphasizes the importance of righteous deeds and steadfastness in faith, preparing believers for the Day of Judgment.

  1. Consistent Engagement with the Quran: Reading Surah Al-Kahf every Friday fosters a habit of regular engagement with the Quran. 

This consistency helps believers maintain a strong connection with their faith and the divine message, contributing to their overall spiritual well-being.

  1. Sense of Community: Many Muslims worldwide engage in this practice, fostering a sense of global Muslim unity and community. 

Knowing that fellow believers are engaging in the same practice can strengthen communal bonds and collective spiritual growth.

By incorporating the recitation of Surah Al-Kahf into their weekly routine, Muslims seek to attain these spiritual benefits, reinforcing their faith and enhancing their moral and ethical conduct.

When should I read Surah al Kahf on Friday?

The optimal time to read Surah Al-Kahf on Friday spans from the night before (Thursday evening) until sunset on Friday. Here’s a detailed breakdown:

  1. Thursday Evening (Maghrib): According to Islamic tradition, the day begins at sunset. Therefore, the time from Maghrib (sunset) on Thursday marks the start of Friday.
  2. Friday Morning (Fajr to Dhuhr): The time between the Fajr (dawn) prayer and the Dhuhr (noon) prayer is considered highly blessed. 

Many scholars suggest that reading Surah Al-Kahf during this time on Friday is especially virtuous.

  1. Throughout the Day (Until Maghrib): If you are unable to read Surah Al-Kahf in the morning, it is still highly recommended to do so at any time during the day until Maghrib (sunset) on Friday. 

The blessings and benefits of reciting this surah apply throughout the entire day.

Practical Tips for Recitation

  • Set a Reminder: Given the busy nature of modern life, setting a reminder on your phone or calendar can help ensure you don’t forget to recite Surah Al-Kahf on Fridays.
  • Break it into Parts: If reciting the entire surah in one sitting is challenging, consider breaking it into smaller sections to read at different times throughout the day.
  • Family and Group Recitation: Engaging in the recitation with family or in a group can make the practice more manageable and spiritually rewarding.

The History Of Surah Al-Kahf

Before discussing Surah Al-Kahf and its benefits, it’s important to understand the circumstances of its revelation to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. 

Though the exact date is unknown, it is a Meccan surah, revealed early in his prophethood before the migration to Medina.

During this period, animosity towards the Prophet ﷺ from Meccan idol worshippers intensified. They frequently questioned him about obscure Jewish and Christian stories to undermine his credibility. 

The Prophet ﷺ, with Allah’s guidance, answered their questions, but skeptics argued he was getting the information from non-divine sources.

In a final attempt to discredit him, the Meccan non-believers sought help from Jewish scholars in Yathrib (later Medina). The Jewish scholars instructed them to ask the Prophet ﷺ about three things: the story of some ancient youths, a man who traveled widely, and the nature of the soul. They claimed that if Muhammad ﷺ could answer, he was truly a prophet; if not, he was a fraud.

When the non-believers posed these questions to the Prophet ﷺ, he did not have immediate answers but promised to respond the next day, without saying “Inshallah” (God willing). 

The following day, he had no revelations, causing disappointment among his followers and elation among his critics. 

However, shortly afterward, Surah Al-Kahf was revealed, providing the answers and affirming his prophethood.

The Stories Of Surah Al-Kahf 

When the non-believers sought the assistance of the Yathrib Jews in derailing the spread of Islam, they were told to ask the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ about three traditions that were uniquely Jewish and Christian. 

In Surah Al-Kahf, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ presented four stories which largely answered their questions. You’ll find a summary of each of the stories of Al-Kahf below.

The People of the Cave

The first and most memorable story in Surah Al-Kahf is that of The People of the Cave, also known as The Seven Sleepers in Jewish and Christian traditions. 

The consensus among scholars is that the Jews of Yathrib advised the Meccan non-believers to ask Prophet Muhammad ﷺ about this story.

The People of the Cave were youths who sought refuge in a cave outside Ephesus to escape religious persecution. 

Allah put them into a sleep that lasted several hundred years. When they awoke, unaware of the passage of time, they sent one member to buy food, cautiously avoiding detection.

The Quran describes their miraculous sleep and eventual awakening as signs of Allah’s mercy and power (Quran 18:16-19). 

Though the exact number of the youths isn’t specified in the Quran, the story closely parallels the Christian account of The Seven Sleepers, indicating the same tale.

The Men Who Traveled A Great Deal  

In advising the non-believers of Mecca, the Jewish authorities of Yathrib suggested they ask Prophet Muhammad ﷺ about “a man who traveled a great deal,” a vague description possibly meant to confuse. 

Allah responded by revealing two stories in Surah Al-Kahf about well-traveled men.

The first story is about Dhul al-Qarnayn, a righteous king and extensive traveler. He built a barrier to protect society from the corrupt Gog and Magog. 

This barrier, which Dhul al-Qarnayn attributed to Allah’s mercy, will eventually be destroyed as a sign of the impending apocalypse (Quran 18:94-98).

The second story involves Moses (Musa), who, after claiming to be the most learned man, was instructed by Allah to travel to find a more knowledgeable servant. 

This journey was both a quest for greater wisdom and a means for Moses to humble himself and acknowledge Allah as the source of all knowledge (Quran 18:60-66).

The Man Who Owned Two Beautiful Gardens  

The stories of Moses, Dhul al-Qarnayn, and the Seven Sleepers are discussed in great detail in Surah Al-Kahf. Together, they make up the bulk of the surah’s content. 

However, there is also an oft-overlooked story in Surah Al-Kahf, which we would be remiss not to mention here. 

The story is that of a man who owned two beautiful gardens. The Quran speaks of the man’s immense pride and disregard for anything but his gardens and the renown they brought him, saying:

“And present to them an example of two men: We granted to one of them two gardens of grapevines, and We bordered them with palm trees and placed between them [fields of] crops. 

Each of the two gardens produced its fruit and did not fall short thereof in anything. And We caused to gush forth within them a river. 

And he had fruit, so he said to his companion while he was conversing with him, ‘I am greater than you in wealth and mightier in [numbers of] men.’ And he entered his garden while he was unjust to himself. He said, ‘I do not think that this will perish – ever. And I do not think the Hour will occur. And even if I should be brought back to my Lord, I will surely find better than this as a return.’”

–Quran, 18:32 – 36

In the above extract, Allah clearly states that the man’s gardens were a gift from Him. Their beauty had nothing to do with the man himself and everything with Allah’s decision to bestow good fortunes upon him. 

Blinded by pride, the misguided gardener failed to understand this, even as his friend pleaded with him to acknowledge Allah as the giver of all things. 

As such, the Quran goes on to tell us that Allah destroyed the man’s gardens as punishment for his arrogance. 

Only then did he understand the importance of respecting Allah and acknowledging Him as the source of all things.

Reading Surah Al-Kahf Every Friday

Surah Al-Kahf is among the most commonly recited Surahs in the Quran. This is largely due to its wide-ranging content, which contributes significantly to core Islamic doctrine and traditions. 

However, its popularity can also be traced back to Prophet Muhammad’sﷺ very specific commandments that Surah Al-Kahf should be read and recited by all capable Muslims every Friday. 

One hadith recalling Prophet Muhammad’sﷺ fondness for this particular surah goes as follows:

“Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said ‘Whoever recites Surat al-Kahf on Friday will have a light between this Friday and the next.’”

–As-Sunan al-Kubra

There is also a long-standing Islamic tradition that memorizing Surah Al-Kahf in its entirety is one of the most surefire ways to protect oneself from the deceptions of the Anti-Christ and all of his false promises. 

It is important to remember, however, that it is not enough to simply read or memorize Surah Al-Kahf. 

Islamic scholars are in agreement that to fully experience the benefits of the surah, one must fully understand it. This means reading it repeatedly and taking notes. 

When necessary, one should also seek out commentaries on Surah Al-Kahf to ensure they develop the most comprehensive understanding of its contents.

Conclusion  

Surah Al-Kahf is of immense significance in Islam for several reasons. It recounts the story of the Seven Sleepers, bridging Muslim and Christian traditions. 

The surah also details the construction of the wall separating humanity from Gog and Magog, warning of its eventual collapse as a sign of the Day of Judgment.

Additionally, Surah Al-Kahf addresses the dangers of pride, showing that even prophets can be susceptible, which humanizes Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and makes his teachings more relatable. 

It also introduces the important practice of saying “Inshallah” (God willing) when making plans.

Reading and reciting Surah Al-Kahf, especially on Fridays, is believed to bring Allah’s favor for the week ahead, highlighting its profound impact on Islamic doctrine and daily practice.