10 Things You May Not Know About the Arabic LanguageMay 17, 2019 2023-08-16 4:34
10 Things You May Not Know About the Arabic Language
Arabic has been spoken for at least 1,500 years. It is the official language of 26 countries and the only tongue in which the Quran can be accurately recited. Despite this, we in the Western world, as a people as a whole, know very little about it.
With the number of Arabic speakers in the West ever increasing, we encourage our readers to familiarize themselves with the language. Let us get you started with 10 things you may not know about the Arabic language.
1. Arabic Is The Fifth Most Spoken Language In The World
As mentioned above, Arabic is the official language of 26 nation states. However, it is spoken far beyond those lands.
It is estimated that there are 422 million Arabic speakers in the world. Of those 422 million people, about 310 million are native speakers. This means that a staggering 112 million people have learned Arabic as a second language! Largely owing to these 112 million non-native speakers, Arabic is the world’s fifth most spoken language. Moreover, it has long been a lingua franca, a language adopted by a group of people who speak a set of diverse languages connected by geography, religion or any other factor, for common communication. Arabic served as that for the historical Indian Ocean World–a large geographic region linked by trade routes connecting most of the old world–large portions of Asia, Africa, the Far East and Eastern Europe. Elevating Arabic to an even higher status, it was the foremost intellectual tongue of the world for centuries. Discoveries in science, advances in math, monographs on humanities or social sciences were largely written, discussed and disseminated in Arabic. Until today, the Arabic language can not not only support but facilitates the highest level of intellectual inquiry.
2. Numbers Are Read From Left To Right
Much like Hebrew, Arabic words are read from right to left. This is one of the most difficult things for novices to get used to when they start learning the language.
The good news for newbie Arabic speakers is that numbers are read from right to left. While this may seem like an insignificant point right now, it is important to remember that every war is won in small battles. With numbers already literally on your side, you are one step closer to mastering the Arabic language.
3. Arabic Has More Than 100 Words For Camel
Arabic is a language of synonyms. There are, for example, 11 Arabic words for love (and probably much more if you consider colloquialisms). But the language really starts to show off its creativity when it comes to camels.
The Arabic language boasts at least 100 words for camel. Many of these words are used to identify certain personality traits in individual camels. A camel that is easily spooked, for example, is called “al-jafool.” Meanwhile, a camel that drinks once every three days is referred to as “riba’a.” You can always tell what is important in a language by the many names it has for something. Like the Artic people of Greenland and Canada have tens of names for now, Arabic reveals its value for the camel by its profuse terms for it.
4. Many English Words Are Of Arabic Origin
While there are not many similarities between Arabic and English, there are a number of words in the English language that can trace their roots back to the Middle East. Everyday words such as “sugar,” “orange,” “alcohol,” “metal” and “magazine” are all of Arabic origin. “Ghoul” and “mummy” are also derived from Arabic, but they’re only everyday words if you’re extremely unfortunate.
5. Many Arabic Words Formed From Outside Influence
As mentioned above, Arabic has contributed a variety of words to the English language. However, it has itself borrowed words from older tongues. Arabic has been primarily influenced by other Central Semitic languages, including Hebrew, Phoenician, and Aramaic. For example, the Arabic word for city, “madina,” comes from the Aramaic “medinah,” which was the word given to a place of government.
As a side note, the Aramaic influence on Arabic is noteworthy as it was the language spoken by Jesus. According to the Quran, it is Jesus, and not the Prophet Muhammadﷺ, who will one day return to defeat the Antichrist.
6. Arabic Is A Language Of Strategic Significance
In 2006, Arabic was declared a language of “strategic significance” by then U.S. President George W. Bush. Shortly after, the U.S. government introduced the National Security Language Initiative.
The NSLI encourages American citizens to learn certain languages, including Arabic, in order to improve communications with citizens of non-English speaking countries. It does this by offering a series of scholarships and additional opportunities in education and travel.
7. There Are Multiple Forms Of Arabic
Arabic is usually broken down into three different forms: Classical Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic, and Dialectal Arabic. Classical Arabic is often referred to as “Quranic Arabic” as it is the strain found in the Quran. You may also encounter it in Arabic literature. Modern Standard Arabic can be considered the “official” form of Arabic. It is taught in schools and generally used in advertisements, cinema, and official documents. Dialectal Arabic is itself an umbrella term. It refers to the many regional types of Arabic unique to different parts of the world.
8. Arabic Can Be Mastered In Less Than Two Years
A lot of native English speakers view Arabic as an insurmountable obstacle. The fact that it requires learning a new set of letters and reading from right to left makes the language seem a lot more complex than it is.
In reality, Arabic can be mastered in less than two years. If you want to be really specific, a recent study found that the average person can become a proficient Arabic speaker in 1.69 years. This equates to 88 weeks or 2,200 class hours. But if those numbers are too big, just stick to thinking of it as four semesters.
9. There Is No Verb “To Be” In Arabic
“To be or not to be, that is the question.” Well, in Arabic the answer is most definitely not to be. When it comes to the present tense, Arabic has no verb “to be,” that translates in the same way or use as does English. So instead of saying “I am speaking Arabic,” you will essentially be saying “I speaking Arabic”. This is another one of those small battles that are so crucial in learning the language.
10. The Arabic Language Is Represented On WWE Programming
Okay, this is one very few people are aware of.
Even if you live in an English-speaking country, you can see the Arabic language represented every week on WWE Monday Night Raw. This is all thanks to WWE Superstar Sami Zayn.
Zayn (real name Rami Sebei) was born in Quebec, Canada to Syrian immigrants. The former NXT Champion is not shy about his Middle Eastern heritage. Arabic writing adorns his wrestling tights and he makes sure to address the fans in Arabic whenever WWE tours the Middle East. Trilingual, Zayn is also fluent in English and French.
Arabic is one of the few languages that is widely spoken in both religious and secular environments. Boasting nearly 500 million speakers worldwide, it is only increasing in prominence, with more and more people discovering its beauty every day.
Even if this article hasn’t inspired you to learn Arabic, we hope it has at least given you a greater appreciation for the language and those who speak it.