Muslim World

10 Proofs Muhammadﷺ Was A Prophet

10 Proofs Muhammadﷺ Was A Prophet

Islam has two main beliefs: One God (Allah) and Prophet Muhammad, its final messenger. Acceptance of both is required to become a Muslim. The article focuses on the controversy surrounding Muhammad’s prophethood despite his proven existence. It aims to explore the reasons why Muslims believe that Muhammad was a true prophet chosen by God.

Is There Proof Of Prophet Muhammad?

The existence of the Prophet Muhammad is well documented in the historical record, both in Islamic sources and in the writings of non-Muslim historians of his time. While there may not be photographic or video evidence as there is for more recent historical figures, there are many early Islamic texts, manuscripts and inscriptions that mention him. These include the Quran, which Muslims believe to be the words of God as revealed to Muhammad, as well as the hadith collections, which are records of the prophet’s words and actions.

Also there are accounts of Muhammad’s life and early Islamic society written by contemporary non-Islamic sources, such as Byzantine and Persian historians. These sources provide further evidence of his existence and the impact of his message.

While historical evidence does not provide the same level of empirical evidence as modern documents might, the collective weight of these sources provides strong evidence for the existence of Muhammad.

How Did Muhammad Assume The Role As The Prophet Of Allah?

According to Islamic tradition, Muhammad received his first revelation from God through the angel Gabriel when he was in seclusion on Mount Hira near Mecca. This event marked the beginning of his prophethood. Over the course of 23 years, Muhammad continued to receive revelations, which were later compiled into the Quran. He began preaching the message of monotheism, calling people to worship only one God, Allah, and to follow moral and ethical codes. Despite facing opposition and persecution from the Quraysh tribe and others in Mecca, Muhammad continued to spread his message, eventually gaining followers and laying the foundations of the Islamic faith.

1. Muhammad Could Not Read Or Write

Muslims often focus on the miraculous deeds attributed to Muhammad, but secular evidence suggests that he was a successful caravan merchant and a respected member of Meccan society. Although orphaned at the age of six, he received little education, focusing mainly on theology and practical matters. 

His first revelation from God at the age of forty left him illiterate throughout his life, leading to accusations of plagiarism. Anti-Islamic scholars and disgruntled Muslims still accuse him of writing the Quran or stealing from other sources. But due to his illiteracy and the beauty of the Qur’an, Muslims believe him to be God’s messenger.

2. Muhammad Did Not Want To Become A Prophet 

Prophet Muhammad lived an exemplary life for forty years, fasting, praying, working hard, and providing for those he loved. He was respected in Mecca for his honesty and reliability. Although he became a prophet, Muhammad had no desire or aspirations to become a prophet. He was terrified when the first revelation of the Quran was revealed to him and fled to his wife Khadija. He was reluctant to publicize his status until the order came from God. 

His approach of seeking comfort and not sharing the Qur’an with others seemed counterproductive. The early days of Prophet Muhammad depict him struggling with his role and experiencing emotions such as fear, sadness and anxiety. His acceptance of his status as God’s messenger lends credibility to his claims.

3. Muhammad Endangered His Own Life

Muhammad’s reluctance to preach the Qur’an publicly was due to fear of upsetting the ruling powers in Mecca, who valued power and personal gain. Despite his efforts to stay under the radar, he was eventually forced to follow God’s command and began preaching publicly. Despite the anger of the Meccan elite, he continued to spread the message of the Qur’an, bringing his followers to Medina to secure religious freedom. He then returned to Mecca with an army to fight those who had driven him and his people out of the city. With God’s help, he succeeded in conquering Mecca and reaping the rewards of a risk that no false prophet had dared to take.

4. Muhammad’s Revelations Were Witnessed

Muhammad received his first revelation in a cave outside Mecca, and many of his subsequent revelations occurred in solitude. Some were witnessed by his followers who documented the experience. Aisha, Muhammad’s beloved partner, recounts that she was with him when the divine revelation was revealed to him. Aisha was known for her honesty, integrity and independence. She would often argue with him and reveal any disagreements. Islamic scholars believe that the Prophet Muhammad was close to Aisha, as they knew each other’s personalities well and could distinguish between issues. This close relationship suggests that the Prophet Muhammad did not try to deceive his followers.

5. Muhammad Had Clearer Paths To Power  

Critics of the Prophet Muhammad say he was driven by a desire for power, leading him to lie about receiving the Quran from heaven. But this argument falls apart when considering that Muhammad was from the Banu Hashim tribe, which traces its roots back to Qusay, a brave warrior and politician. With his strong lineage, Muhammad could have easily become a powerful figure in the Banu Hashim tribe, bringing wealth and influence. Critics of Islam find it laughable that he would go to the trouble of establishing an entire religion to gain power when he could have simply approached the elders of the Bani Hashim tribe and insisted on his birthright.

6. The Quran Contains Previously Unknown Scientific Facts

Up to this point, we have largely focused on aspects of Prophet Muhammad’s life for evidence of his prophethood. Now we want to spend some time discussing the Holy Quran, the book which Muhammad recited to the people as his role as the Messenger of Allah. Many proofs of the book’s divine authorship can be found in its contents. Perhaps the most notable of these proofs is its superior scientific knowledge. The Quran contains an array of scientific facts that were not known to even the most educated men in the world during Muhammad’s lifetime. In Surat An-Nur, the 24th surah of the Quran, you will find a comprehensive description of the formation of rain clouds. This description details drifting, stacking, and all other stages of rain cloud formation as confirmed by contemporary scientific findings. Additional scientific facts present in the Quran include detailed information on human embryonic development, as well as the role mountains play in stabilizing the earth. Much of the scientific information contained in the Quran has only been confirmed in the past 100 years or so. How, then, could an illiterate caravan trader in 7th century Mecca have known about them? To put it bluntly, he didn’t. Prophet Muhammad recited these verses as it was revealed to him by Allah. Its confirmation nearly 2000 years later is evidence not of Prophet Muhammad’s intelligence, or deception, but of his divine inspiration.

7. The Night Journey

The Isra’ and Mi’raj, also known as the Isra’ and Mi’raj, is one of the most important miracles in Islamic tradition. It happened in 621 when the angel Gabriel awakened Prophet Muhammad and guided him to a winged horse. The horse took him directly from Mecca to Jerusalem, where he joined in prayer with the prophets, and crossed the seven degrees of the heavens to God.

The authenticity of the nocturnal journey is supported by the events that followed Muhammad’s return. His enemies and followers were sceptical of his account, but he was able to describe the Temple in a clear vision from God. This encounter led to Muhammad’s followers accepting his account of the Night Journey, proving the authenticity of the Night Journey and Muhammad’s status as God’s messenger. The Night Journey is a testament to the power of faith and the miracles of Muhammad’s life.

8. Additional Islamic Literature Contains Previously Unknown Scientific Facts 

A little earlier on, we discussed the scientific facts which are present in the Quran even though they were not known to the people of Muhammad’s time. They are indeed evidence that he was given revelation by Allah. But the Quran is not the only piece of Islamic doctrine to contain scientific facts which were not known at the time of Muhammad. Similar information can be found in additional Islamic literature, such as the sunnah (the teachings, approvals, and deeds of the Prophetﷺ) and the hadith. In the former, there is a particularly noteworthy passage, which declares that sinners will “sink down the seven earths on the Day of Resurrection.” Although it was not known to the people of Prophet Muhammad’s time, this line is a clear reference to the seven layers of the earth. These layers are the inner core, the outer core, the D layer, the lower mantle, the middle mantle, the upper mantle, and the lithosphere. Not a soul in 7th century Mecca, or anywhere else in the world for that matter, could have grasped the idea of seven levels of earth, but today it is virtually general knowledge and concrete evidence that Prophet Muhammad was telling the truth.

9. Muhammad Split The Moon

Many non-Muslims believe that Prophet Muhammad cannot be considered a prophet of God due to the lack of miracles attributed to him. However, there are many miracles attributed to Muhammad, including the Quran, the Isra, and the miraculous splitting of the moon. The Quran itself is considered a miracle, and the Night Journey is also listed as a miracle in the Islamic tradition. Another miracle is the splitting of the moon, which is mentioned in the Quran and Hadith, providing reliable eyewitness accounts. An ancient manuscript in the Library of India in London tells of an Indian king who witnessed the splitting of the moon and converted to Islam. No earthly authority can split the moon, and only God can perform such a feat. There are two possible explanations for the alleged miracle: The moon never split, and those who claimed to have witnessed it were simply suffering from mass hallucinations, or that the Prophet Muhammad actually split the moon, proving his prophecy.

10. No Prophets Have Come Forth Since His Death 

Prophets, including Adam, Moses, Abraham, Abraham, Jesus and Prophet Muhammad, have blessed and tested humanity for thousands of years. Prophet Muhammad declared himself the Seal of the Prophets, but this was not a declaration about himself. God chose Muhammad to reveal the Quran, which has spread throughout the world and is expected to overtake Christianity as the world’s largest religion. Since the dawn of Islam, no legitimate prophet has emerged to replace Muhammad as the Seal of God’s Messenger. Despite numerous claims, none have achieved the stability and success of the Prophet Muhammad, and the lack of credible prophets in the centuries following his death is proof that he was the last Messenger of God.


The secular community continues to release new books, documentary films, blogs and YouTube videos claiming to disprove the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad. However, these anti-Islamic scholars have failed to deliver on their promises. Muslims, including unbiased non-Muslims, can confidently claim that the Prophet Muhammad was God’s messenger. They must explain how a seventh-century caravan merchant produced a book that contains wondrous language, legal rulings and scientific facts, as well as how the Prophet Muhammad described the temple and the moon split.